Bird watching is an integral part of tourism and every tourist do engage in some sort of bird watching when they travel to foreign soil, especially in a country like Sri Lanka the tourists spend a lot of time for bird watching, even though, it should not essentially be a bird watching the tour. If you wish to see bird there are no extra trips needed in Sri Lanka, because birds are occurring all around the island.
The travellers can see the common bird species like mynah, egret, pigeon and babbler while they on the move. Usually, the travellers come across paddy fields, patches of forests, tea plantations, lakes and rivers as they move around the island, and those habitats are loved by avian fauna species and it is worth of making a stop at those places as it gives you the opportunity to spot birds.
However, the bird watching tours are organized by a large number of local tour operators. These are specialized tour organized to explore fascinating avian fauna species on the island. Bird watching is one of the popular activities in Sri Lanka among the travellers in Sri Lanka, owing to a large number of birds throughout the island. Sri Lanka is an island which is inhabited by 425 species of birds. Bird watching in Sri Lanka is not restricted to national parks and other protected areas but also in most of the urban areas and villages as well.
Indian Pitta or Avichchiya, is a resident bird of Sri Lanka and can be heard very often in the lowland. Some of the other birds that commonly seen in low are King Fisher, orange breasted flycatcher, green pigeon, Brown-headed Barbet, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Crimson-breasted Barbet, Green imperial pigeon, Ceylon grey hornbill.
Green-billed Coucal or “Bata Atti kukula” is an endangered bird species seen in the lowland of Sri Lanka but less than most other bird species found in the region. The Ceylon Coucal Centropus chlororhynchus Blyth had been first sighted in Awissawella, western Sri Lanka in 1849. They are mostly seen in the jungles with thick vegetation, they also occur in dense bamboo and cane-brakes in the wet zone and intermediate zone. Green-billed Coucal also can be seen in the foothills of the central mountain range south-western slope up to the altitude of 2,500 feet above the sea level.
According to the Ceylon Bird Club records, Green-billed Coucal is one of the most difficult birds to see in the jungle, owing to its sly and elusive lifestyle. Once the Green Billed Coucal occurred more often than today, but the number of birds had been sharply reduced owing to the habitat loss. It is believed if no proper action is taken to protect its living habitat they will soon be reduced to a mere number. Similar to most of the bird species breast of the Green-billed Coucal is gloss and they have purplish and bronze colour on the hind-neck and upper back. They have longer and looser feathers on the crown. The bill of the bird is pale apple green.
The Green-billed Coucal had been sighted more often up to the end of last century and Sinharaja forest reserve, Peak wilderness (Adams peak), Ingiriya forest reserve, Gilimale forest, Hakgala, Kanneliya and Hiniduma are some of the places they occurred often. The nesting or breeding of this bird is not recorded until 1997 in any of the mentioned localities; it was in this year a group from Ceylon bird club first sighted a nest of Green-billed Coucal in Sinharaja. The nest was placed in the crown of a small tree that was about 10 to 12 feet in height. Another incident of sighting young Green-billed Coucal recorded in 1998 in which a group had seen a Pair of Green-billed Coucal with a young.