Jaffna the center of northern Sri Lanka had been a flourishing city in the past. The black period of modern Sri Lanka is being blamed for the destruction of the Jaffna peninsula. Jaffna was not safe for visitors for thirty years from 1983 to 2012, during the civil wars. There had been very few tourists in the Jaffna peninsula during that period. Today large numbers of national and international tourists are flock into Jaffna peninsula to explore the new territory, which opened its door after 30 years. There are large numbers of Buddhist historical places in the Jaffna peninsula, since Buddhism had been the main religion in the city. Therefore Jaffna is visited by hundreds of thousands of Buddhists. The people of Jaffna celebrated the Vesak festival of 2012 in a grand manner and it was beautified with large number lanterns and other decorations.
Black period of Jaffna
Even though the city of Jaffna had been a very populated city before the beginning of civil war, most of the people of Sinhalese and Muslim origin were chased away from the peninsula by the terrorist and large number of people of other ethnicity fled the northern peninsula while it had not been safe to live. Therefore Jaffna peninsula had been one of the least populated areas in the island during the civil war. Jaffna was severely damaged during the war and its prosperity was diminished in the last three decades. Today people who fled the area are coming back to the peninsula and look for their inheritance. Jaffna city is turning to its normalcy since the end of war. The infrastructure that was destroyed is reconstructed and people are beginning to enjoy the normal life.
Jaffna is the northern most city of the island, which shows a completely different weather pattern against the rest of the country. The peninsula experiences the dry weather for the most part of the year while the vegetation shows less green due to the lack of water. But most of the people in the area are living on agriculture and they produce products such as rice, tobacco, onions, various varieties of fruits etc. The main source of water for the agriculture fields are the wells, some of the farmers using water motors to pump the water while several people still have to do the tedious work themselves.
History of Jaffna
Jaffna was under the control of the King of the country in the past. In Sri Lanka there had been only one king, who was ruling the whole country for the most of the time such as Vijayabahu, Parakramabahu, and Nissankamalla etc. One exception was 1300